Kev Thaj Yeeb Ntawm Nyab Laj Tebchaws Nyab Laj Kev Kawm - LUB Caum av

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HUNG NGUYEN MANH
Cwj mem npe: Dor-kab

     Lub npe ntawm LUB NTUJ DAIM AV TSUAG VIET NAM txais los ntawm kev xav hauv ntau cov kws tshawb nrhiav ntawm Nyablaj teb uas nyob rau hauv nyab laj thiab txawv teb chaws.

      Peb Pawg Thawj Coj ntawm cov phau ntawv tso cai tau tsim los tsim lub vev xaib nrog cov npe ntawm Vaj Pov Thaj Chaw ntawm Nyab Laj Teb - thanhdiavietnamhoc.com qhov muaj ntau yam los ntawm nws cov tswv cuab raws li cov lus qhia ntawm Lwm tus xibfwb, Dr. Nguyen Manh Hung.

2.1 Thaj Av Dawb Huv

     Tus Vaj Thaj Av, ib thaj av yog qhia los ntawm qhov tseem ceeb ntawm pom qhov tseeb, kev coj noj coj ua tiam no hais txoj kev los khoom siv kab lis kev cai, plig hauv kev coj ua hais tias txoj kev uas tau tsim thiab sib sib zog ua los ntawm peb cov poj koob yawm txwv los ntawm cov txheej txheem ntawm keeb kwm thiab raws li qee feem ntawm kev txawj ntse hauv kev xav hauv lub zej zog Nyab Laj. Nyob hauv cov ntsiab lus no lub kev cai lij choj kev xav tig qhov kev sib ntaus sib tua ib txwm thiab tsis sib ntaus los txhawb cov keeb kwm.

2.2 Kev Thaj Yeeb Dawb ntawm Nyab Laj Tebchaws Tshawb Fawb - Duab Keeb Kwm

       Txij li thaum cov neeg tuaj tua Fabkis tau tua ntawm Danang seaport nyob rau xyoo 1858 thiab tau mus rau Cochinchina thiab siv nws ua ib qho chaw sab nrauv thiaj li pom “txoj saw hlau”Hauv Far - Orient Asia mus rau qhov twg Napoleon tau taw qhia. Nov yog ib txoj kev qhia rau cov pab pawg “Requin” lossis hu ua “Npawg"- ntu ib feem ntawm Fabkis nyiaj txiag pab pawg.

         Raws li tau txheeb pom hauv kab lus Nyab Laj, Tus Vaj Nyab Lub Teb tau hloov pauv sai sai rau hauv ib qho kev lag luam ntawm kev kawm hu ua Nyab Laj nrog lub network sib kis ntau lub teb chaws thiab thaj chaw hauv ntiaj teb. Yav tas los, lub network ntawm Nyab Laj Kev Kawm suav hais tias Tebchaws Europe, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog Fabkis, Nyiv, Suav Tuam Tshoj thiab Tebchaws Asmeskas raws li qhov chaw muaj kev pab txhawb rau Nyab Laj zaj keeb kwm uas nquag sau. Feem ntau, nws yog ib lub koom haum ntawm Euro-Nyab Laj.

      Los ntawm ntau cov kev qhia hauv tsev, qhov chaw ib kab lus ntawm Nyab Laj Kev Kawm Nyob Nyab Laj tau dhau los ua qhov kev lag luam kev kawm uas npog cov khoom muaj txiaj ntsig, kev tsis paub txog ntawm cov neeg Nyab Laj tau txais.

      Muaj kab ke thoob ntiaj teb rau Nyab Laj teb kev kawm hauv Nyab Laj teb xyoo 1988 uas ua rau Euro-Nyab Laj tau txheeb xyuas raws li kev kawm txuj ci kev lag luam taw qhia rau thaj chaw leej niam. Nws yog qhov chaw uas tau tsim cov neeg muaj txiaj ntsig kev coj noj coj ua tsis muaj qhov tsaus muag thaum sawv nrog tib qho kev lag luam, yog tias tsis ua kom pom tseeb, piv txwv li, Nyij Pooj kawm Kauslim kev kawm, Kev tshawb fawb hauv Southeast Asia.

      Sib nrug los ntawm cov Nyab Laj no tau muab rau qee yam kev coj noj coj ua zoo li no Suav tshawb nrhiav, Is Nrias teb tshawb nrhiav, Teb Chaws Asmeskas. cov kev tshawb fawb lossis kev tshawb fawb Orient, Cov kev kawm hauv Asia Pacific...

2.3 Lub Tebchaws Thaj Chaw Thaj Yeeb ntawm Nyab Laj Kev Nyab Xeeb - Devêlopment, kev koom ua ke, Kev lig kev cai Radial thiab Niaj hnub

       Rov qab los txog rau xyoo 1998, Nyab Laj teb kev kawm raug lees paub tias “kawm txog lub ncauj lus”. Raws li kev txheeb cais, muaj 27 lub tebchaws thiab 300 tus kws tshawb fawb thoob ntiaj teb tau qhuas Nyab Laj teb kev kawm uas tau ua kom zoo nyob rau hauv lub sam thiaj.

    Nyob rau hnub ntawd Congress tau hais lub ncauj lus "Tshawb nrhiav Nyab Laj Tebchaws Nyab Laj thiab kev koom tes sib koom tes thoob ntiaj teb" muaj 15 subcommittees nrog 395 chaw nyob. Lub ntsiab lus tseem ceeb nyob rau xyoo 2004 yog “Kev Loj Hlob, Kev Sib Koom Tes, Kab Ke thiab Niaj Hnub”. Xyoo 2008 peb hnub thib peb ntawm Tebchaws Nyab Laj cov kev tshawb fawb muaj ob lub hauv paus "Kev koom ua ke thiab Kev Loj Hlob". Tom qab nyob rau hauv 2012 ob yav tas los central ntsiab lus tseem muaj tab sis tsim lub neej tshiab txog ntawm sustainability.

    Hnub tsib ntawm cov Nyab Laj kawm txog qhov uas Cov Kev Kawm Hauv Tebchaws Hanoi tsa lub chij heev ntawm Nyab Laj teb kev kawmCov. Nws ua haujlwm ua tus txhawb nqa sab ntsuj plig kom txuas nrog qee lub koom haum kawm xws li Academy ntawm Nyab Laj Social Science, Academy ntawm Nyab Laj thiab Kev Kawm Txuj Ci thiab Kev Kawm Txuj Ci, Ho Chi Minh City National University, Ministry of Education thiab Training, Ministry of Sciences thiab Technology, Ministry. ntawm Kev Ua Haujlwm Txawv Tebchaws, Ministry of Culture, Sports thiab Tourism, Ministry of Industry thiab Trade, Ministry of Planning thiab Investment, Ministry of Agriculture thiab Rural Development, Ministry of Labor, War Invalids thiab Social welfare, Ministry of Resources thiab ib puag ncig. Nws zoo nkaus li txhua qhov "dej ntws mus rau hauv hollows".

       Lub ntsiab lus tsom rau lub hauv paus taw tes "Txhawb Kev Txhim Kho hauv qhov ntsiab lus ntawm kev hloov pauv thoob ntiaj teb". Nws tau teeb tsa hauv 12, 2016. Ntawm no Nyab Laj kev tshawb pom tau lees paub los ntawm ntau qhov: kab lis kev cai, ua nom ua tswv, zej zog thiab ntau subcommittees nrog ntau ntau cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb tau teeb tsa: Txawv Tebchaws Kev Koom Tes, Kev Sib Koom Tes, Kev Sib Koom Tes Thoob Ntiaj Teb (Tus Thawj Tswj Haujlwm 1), kev coj noj coj ua (kab lis kev cai 2), Kev Kawm Ntawv thiab Kev Loj Hlob ntawm Cov Chaw Muaj Zog (Tus Tuav Tswv Yim 3), Kev xa tawm ntawm kev txawj ntse thiab thev naus laus zis (Tus Thawj Coj 4) ), Pauv Hloov Huab Cua (Subcommtees 5).

Kev kawm tshawb fawb txog kev tshawb fawb txog Nyab Laj hauv xyoo 2016
Daim duab 1: Kev tshaj tawm scientific txog kev kawm ua haujlwm hauv Nyab Laj hauv xyoo 2016 (qhov chaw: vnu.edu.vn)

      Yog li ntawd, Nyab Laj teb kev kawm tau loj hlob thiab npog qhov teeb meem uas qhia pom tias cov neeg Nyablaj tau nce siab raws li lwm tus neeg nyob ze, tshwj xeeb yog cov neeg ntawm cov tebchaws zoo, txhua "neeg tua neeg"Los yog"dhau mus ”. Qhov ntawd zoo li yog kev sib txuas nrog Nyab Laj los ntawm "kev hlub ntawm keeb kwm”Thiab cov khoom plig koom yog kev hlub ntawm “Hlau thiab tawg”?

2.4 Kev Thaj Av Thaj Tsam ntawm Nyab Laj Kev Nyab Xeeb - Txheej Txheem ntawm Ecological tus nqi ntawm tib neeg kev tshawb fawb.

      Cov nyab laj sim mus nug tau. Leej twg yog nws cov yeeb ncuab? Qhov no yog a coj txawv txawv kwv yees uas tau paub sib nkag siab los ua kom tau hais saum toj saud siab zoo xav uas respects Hmoob Nyab Laj - tus dawb huv av thiab cov kab ke ntawm ecological tus nqi ntawm tib neeg kev tshawb fawb.

2.5 Kev Thaj Tsam Ntawm Tebchaws Nyab Laj Teb - Tshuab thiab Kev Hloov ntawm huab cua

      In 5th Cov kev tshawb fawb ntawm Nyab Laj Tebchaws Nyab Laj, Nyab Laj muaj peev xwm txhawb nqa nws tus kheej, yog li nws tuaj yeem nkag mus rau qee thaj chaw tshwj tseg rau qhov muaj peev xwm ua qhov tseeb xws li kev tshawb fawb thiab tib neeg los qhib lub qhov rooj ntawm xa cov neeg txawj ntse lossis ib tug tshiab tshiab ntawm "Tshuab thiab kev hloov pauv ntawm huab cua".

       Cov kev hloov ntawm huab cua tsis tsuas yog ua rau lub neej ntawm cov neeg Nyab Laj txhawm rau, tab sis kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau tag nrho tib neeg sawv cev ntawm lub brink ntawm ploj mus. Nyab laj zoo li lub suab nrov hauv tib neeg lub siab ntsuas.

2.6 Cov Kev Tshawb Fawb Tebchaws Nyab Laj - Pratical Function

    Ib qho lus nug yog sau ua qhov kev xav tswv yim tshwj xeeb tseg rau Nyab Laj kev tshawb fawb. "Rau qhov twg yog qhov kev lag luam no?" thiab rau dab tsi? Lossis puas yog nws xav tsis thoob li?

      Muaj ib tug software txog “Flappy yug”. Tus Nyab Laj noog perched rau ntawm lub khib nyiab zoo li raj dej thaum lwm tus neeg tau tsim nws. Nws yog khoom ntiag tug.

Flappy Noog - Nguyen Ha Dong 2014
Daim duab 2: Noog Tuav Pov Tseg - Nguyen Ha Dong 2014 (qhov chaw: kenh14.vn)

      Tus noog tuag tam sim ntawd. Txawm hais tias nws nyob hauv kev hwm ntawm lub ntiaj teb zoo li nws yog phoenix. Tus soj ntsuam ntawm Viet Nam kev kawm tau nug ib lo lus nug: Vim li cas nws thiaj li tsis hloov lub raj nrog a “Cov ceg xyoob txaus ntseeg” nyob nyab laj vietnam?

2.7 Kev Thaj Tsam Ntawm Tebchaws Nyab Laj Teb - Cov tshuaj ntawm Lotus pistil

      Yog vim li cas? Nyab Laj teb kev kawm? Cov lus nug ua rau kev soj ntsuam ntawm Nyab Laj cov kev tshawb fawb muaj cov lus teb txawv. Thaum Thawj Tswj Hwm Barack Obama ntawm cov me nyuam nyob rau tebchaws Meskas xyuas Ngoc Hoang Nyiaj Pov Xyooj lub sijhawm nws mus ncig tebchaws Nyablaj hnub 24/05/2016, muaj ntau cov lus nug los ntawm ntau tus kws tshawb fawb txog kev tshawb fawb ntawm Nyab Laj. Dab tsi Ngoc Hoang Nyiaj Pov Xyooj muaj? Thiab vim li cas thiaj li yog vim li cas? Yog nws muaj tseeb hais tias Obama nrog ib tug dub complexion mus muaj nyob rau hauv thiaj li thov Vajtswv ib tug me nyuam, a tub los yog ntxhais, raws li khoom plig rau nws lub sijhawm nyiaj laus "Hauv nws haiv neeg lub teb chaws."

Obama tuaj xyuas Ngoc Hoang Pagoda (qhov chaw: giacngo.vn)
Daim Duab 3: Obama tau mus xyuas Ngoc Hoang Pagoda (qhov chaw: giacngo.vn)

    Kev lag luam ntawm Nyab Laj teb kev kawm los ntawm Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm California Berkeley, Teb Chaws Amelikas (saib daim duab) tau siv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm kev tshawb fawb Nyab Laj. Thaum ntawd xibfwb Peter Zinoman (saib daim duab), tus kws tshawb fawb txog Nyab Laj kev tshawb fawb tau npaj qee cov kab lus rau nws.

University of California Berkeley (qhov chaw: scholarship.net)
Daim duab 4: University of California Berkeley (qhov chaw: scholarship.net)

 

Peter Zinoman (qhov chaw: nhipcaudautu.net)
Daim duab 4: Peter Zinoman (qhov chaw: nhipcaudautu.net)

       Nov yog pawg lus ntawm ob tus kws sau nkauj Van Cao thiab Trinh Cong Tub YajCov. Nws kuj tau npaj sijhawm mus ntsib rau Ngoc Hoang Pagoda.

   Txhua yam uas tau muaj cov “tshuaj ntawm qhaus pistil”Hauv Nyab Laj cov swamps.

      "Pistil tshuaj”Tej zaum yuav muab suav hais tias yog ib yam khoom ntawm“Ua Hauv Nyab Laj”Tsim lub koom haum network zoo li kab laug sab lub vas sab ntawm Nyab Laj kev tshawb fawb txhawm rau txuas Viet Nam nrog chaw loj dua los ntawm ntau lub teb chaws thiab thaj chaw hauv ntiaj teb.    

Trinh Cong Leej Tub thiab Van Cao (qhov chaw: petrotimes.vn)
Daim duab 6: Trinh Cong Leej Tub thiab Van Cao (qhov chaw: petrotimes.vn)

      Lub Vev Xaib: thanhdiavietnamhoc.com yog fathered thiab lus Askiv yog purelandvietnamstudies.com txhais tau hais tias lawv thov cov kws tshawb fawb ntawm Nyab Laj kev tshawb nrhiav rau lub tsev nyob.

       Tshawb nrhiav ntawm Nyablaj kev tshawb nrhiav xav thov xa koj cov khoom!

KOJ NTXIV:

◊ Nyab Laj hom:  Thánh địa Việt Nam học - Vùng đất thánh

PAJ MUAS TU THU
09 / 2019

(Xyuas 1,230 lub sij hawm, 6 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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