VIETNAMESE COV HAIV NEEG rau Nyab Laj thiab Neeg Tuaj txawv Tebchaws - Sib Tham: Zais Khoom - Tshooj 5

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… Txuas ntxiv rau ntu 4:

Kev Sib Tham: GREETING

   David yog ib tug tub ntxhais kawm uas nws nyuam qhuav kawm ua lus Nyab Laj, nws tsis tau paub leej twg hauv chav kawm. Txiv neej kuj yog tus tswv cuab ntawm chav kawm ntawd thiab thaum nws pom David nws nquag ua rau David paub.

Nam: Xai chào!
David: Xin chào!
Nam: Mình là Nam. Bạn tên là gì?
Davi: Tên mình là David.
Nam: Rất hân hạnh được làm quen với bạn.
David: Rất vui được gặp bạn.
Nam: Nyob zoo!
David: Nyob zoo!
Nam: Kuv yog Nam. Koj lub npe hu li cas?
David: Kuv lub npe yog Daviv.
Nam: Zoo siab tau ntsib koj.
David: Zoo siab tau ntsib koj.

Txais tos - lo lus tshiab

Nyablaj tos txais lo lus tshiab - purelandvietnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj lo lus tshiab (Source: coviet.vn)

Txais tos - sau ntawv

Tus Kheej Pronoun

    Nyab laj siv cov ntsiab lus los piav qhia kev sib txheeb ntawm tsev neeg (kinship lus) thaum hais lus sib (txawm tias thaum tham nrog leej twg lawv tsis txheeb ze)). Qhov tseeb, lawv raug siv raws li tus kheej tshaj tawm. Lub kaw lus tsis yooj yim thiab qhov kev xaiv ntawm cov lus qhia tseeb yog nyob ntawm ntau yam tseem ceeb xws li kev sib deev, hnub nyoog, kev sib raug zoo, tsev neeg kev sib raug zoo, kev sib raug zoo ntawm tus neeg hais lus thiab tus neeg uas nws tab tom hais txog lossis tag nrho qib kev sib raug zoo ntawm lawv Cov.

    Koj yuav pom tias nws nyuaj los ua kom ntseeg tau tias lo lus twg yuav tsum siv; yog li, koj xav tau kev paub me ntsis kom nws raug. Cov npe hauv qab no yuav pab koj nkag siab ntau.

Thawj tus neeg

   cov thawj tus neeg tshaj tawm nyob Nyablaj yog “tôi”Uas txhais tau tiasI”Askiv. Nws yog tib tus neeg tshaj tawm uas tuaj yeem siv rau hauv kev hais lus zoo. Ntawm nws, thawj tus neeg tuaj yeem yog "ta","tao”Tab sis lawv tsuas yog siv hauv kev hais plaub, xws li thaum tham nrog cov phooj ywg zoo.

Tus neeg thib ob

    Cov ntaub ntawv hauv qab no qhia koj qee qhov chaw nyob thiab lawv cov kev siv:

Kev Txais Tos - Tus Neeg Thib Ob - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Nyab laj tos txais neeg thib ob (Source: coviet.vn)

Tus neeg thib peb

   Nws yog yooj yim tias thaum adressing lub tus neeg thib peb, Nyablaj sau lo lus “.y”Tom qab tus kheej hais lus.

Piv txwv li:
Anh ấy, ông ấy -> Nws.
Chị ấy, cô ấy, bà ấy -> Nws.
Nó * ->  Nws.
*: feem ntau hais txog yam, tsiaj tab sis qee zaum, “”Tuaj yeem txhais tau rau tus menyuam yaus yog kis tsis raws cai.

Lo lus tus kheej plural

   rau cov thawj tus neeg, lo lus "chúng”Ntxiv rau ua ntej ntawm qhov chaw nyob.
Piv txwv li:
T --i -> Chúng tôi
Ta -> chúng ta
Tớ -> chúng tớ

    rau cov tus neeg thib ob, peb siv lo lus “Nta”Ua ntej ntawm chaw nyob.

Piv txwv li:
Anh -> Nta anh
Chị -> Nta chị
Bác -> Nta bác

   Thaum hais cov lus ntau qhov chaw rau lub tus neeg thib peb, lo lus "họ”Yog siv. Nws hais txog ib pawg ntawm cov neeg nyob rau hauv dav dav txiv neej thiab poj niam.

   Qhov thib ob txoj kev los ua ntau tshaj tus kheej lub npe rau lub tus neeg thib peb yog ntxiv lo lus “.y”Tom qab tus neeg hais lus thib ob.

Piv txwv li:
Anh -> các anh .y
Chị -> các chị .y
Bác -> các bác .y

     Nram qab no yuav qhia koj cov ntaub ntawv:

Lus tshaj tawm

Hmoob nyab laj cov lus zoo tshaj plaws - dawb huv - nyab lajfaj.com
Nyab Laj cov lus tshaj tawm nyob rau Nyab Laj (Source: coviet.vn)

Hmoob nyab laj cov lus zoo tshaj plaws - dawb huv viaslandnametnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj cov lus tshaj tawm nyob rau Nyab Laj (Source: coviet.vn)

Hmoob nyab laj cov lus zoo tshaj plaws - dawb huv viaslandnametnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj cov lus tshaj tawm nyob rau Nyab Laj (Source: coviet.vn)

Plural pronoun

Nyab laj cov tsiaj ntawv cov lus - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj cov ntawv Hmoob (Sourrce: viencongnghemoi.com)

 

Nyab laj cov ntawv phaj = = purelandvietnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj cov ntawv Hmoob (Sourrce: viencongnghemoi.com)

 

Nyab laj cov tsiaj ntawv cov lus - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Nyab Laj cov ntawv Hmoob (Source: viencongnghemoi.com)

    Tsis tas li ntawd, muaj cov lus txawv rau txhua tus txheeb ze. Txog cov npe ntawm cov tshaj tawm ntawd, saib tsev neeg cov lus:

Cov lus txawv Nyab Laj - purelansvietnamstudies.com
Cov lus txawv ntawm Nyab Laj (Source: coviet.vn)

… Txuas ntxiv rau ntu 6…

KOJ NTXIV:
◊  VIETNAMESE COV HAIV NEEG rau Nyab Laj thiab Neeg Tuaj txawv Tebchaws - Taw qhia - Ntu 1
◊  VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE rau Nyab Laj thiab Neeg Txawv Teb Chaws - Lus Nyab Laj Section 2
◊  VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE rau Nyab Laj thiab Cov Neeg Tuaj Nyab Laj - Nyab Laj Cov Ntawv Cob Qhia - Ntu 3
◊  VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE rau Nyab Laj thiab Neeg Teb Chaws Nyab Laj - Xov Xwm Nyab Laj - Tshooj 4
ANG VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE rau Nyab Laj thiab Cov Neeg Tuaj Nyab Laj - Nyab Laj Cov Ntawv Cob Qhia - Tshooj 6

PAJ MUAS TU THU
02 / 2020

CEEB TOOM:
◊ Header duab - Tau qhov twg los: Tub Ntxhais Kawm Nyab Laj Hloov.
Cov cim ntsuas, cov ntawv sau tsis txaus, cov ntawv qaij hauv cov lej thiab cov duab sepia tau tsim los ntawm Ban Tu Thu - thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

(Xyuas 2,011 lub sij hawm, 8 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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