Xyaum VIETNAMESE MARTIAL ARTS, Daim ntawv ntawm PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

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HUNG NGUYEN MANH

    Nyablaj tsim noob khaub txhuv thaum ntxov. Cov neeg ua liaj ua teb tau siv ntau lub hlis thiab xyoo nyob rau lawv tus kheej cov liaj teb. Daim duab “Txooj cay, vo cay, con trau di bua"[Chồng cày, vợ cấy, con trâu đi bừa] (Tus txiv laij, tus poj niam tseb, dej twm yuav txhuv) (Daim duab 1,2) tau muaj nyob txhiab xyoo dhau los ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua ntev los tiv thaiv thiab pov hwm txoj kev ywj pheej rau lub teb chaws hauv txhua qib ntawm keeb kwm. Lub sijhawm cov hnub so kev ua si ib txwm muaj kev ua si lub cev, kev sib ntaus sib tua ib txwm, uas tau pab tib neeg ua kev coj ua kom lub cev sib npaug thiab muaj zog los ntsib cov neeg ntxeem tau.

    Txoj cai nyob nruab nrab ntawm thawj ib puas xyoo (Caij nplooj ntoos hlav 40), tus Qauj [Trưng] cov muam sau tau ib pab tub rog txaus mus tua yeej yeeb ncuab, tso lub teb chaws, tsim lub teb chaws ywj pheej, thiab teeb tsa cov peev hauv Me Linh [Mê Linh] (rau peb lub xyoos).

    Ntawm cov thawj coj ntawm ob tus poj niam cov thawj coj, muaj tus poj niam npe dav dav Le Chan [Lê Chân] (Ib qho Bien, Hai Phong [An Biên, Hải Phòng]), uas siv los tsim qhov chaw nres tsheb los xyaum kev ua yeeb yam, suav nrog kev sib tw. Lwm tus poj niam general, Thieu Hoa [Thiều Hoa] (Lang Xuong [Lãng Xương], Vinh Phuc [Vĩnh Phúc]), xyum ua hab kawm paub danh phet [nhánh phết], uas zoo rau lub hlwb thiab cov leeg. Nguyen Tam Chinh [Nguyễn Tam Chinh], ib tug thawj tub rog (Mai Dong [Mai Động], Thanh Hoa [Thanh Hoá]), qhib ib lub tsev qhia txuj ci qhia kom paub txuj ci thiab suav (Daim duab 3)). Tom qab ntawv, nws los ua tus tsim Maiv Tooj [Maiv Động] nkaug zos.

    Nyob hauv thawj ib nrab ntawm lub xyoo pua thib peb, muaj ib tug muaj zog poj niam dav dav hu ua poj niam Trieu [Triệu]. Thaum muaj hnub nyoog 19 xyoos, nws tshaj tawm: "Kuv tsuas xav xav siv cua daj cua dub kom nruj, nplawm rau cov cua daj cua dub, tua cov whales hauv Hiav Txwv Sab Hnub Tuaj, tsav tsheb tawm ntawm Wu cov tub rog, kom muaj kev ruaj ntseg dej ntws thiab roob, kom cuam tshuam tus quab ntawm Kev ua cev qhev, tsis kam txhos caug thiab ua tub qhe! ”

    Poj niam Trieu [Triệu] tsim ib lub tsev qhia txuj ci sib ntaus kom txawj sib ntaus, siv ntaj thiab hneev tuaj mus tua cov yeeb ncuab, uas yuav tsum qw hais tias:

Nws yog qhov yooj yim siv hmuv thiab tua tsov
Dua li mus fim tus pojniam.

[Hoành qua đương hổ dị
Ệi diện bà vương nan] |

    Nyob rau hauv lub thib rau caug xyoo (543), Ly Bon [Lý Bôn], thawj coj ntawm Thaib Binh [Thái Binh] (Son Tay [Sơn Tây]), thiab lwm cov poj koob yawm txwv xyaum kev ntaus sib tua ua ke kom lub cev muaj zog. Ntawm lawv yog cov thawj coj tub rog Trieu Quang Phuc [Triệu Quang Phục], Pham Tu [Phạm Tu], Ly Phuc Mang [Lý Phục Mang]. Lawv sawv tawm tsam tau kev ywj pheej rau peb lub teb chaws nrog lub npe ntawm Van Xuan [Vạn Xuân].

    Thaum pib ntawm lub xyoo pua yim, Maiv Thuc Loan [Maiv Thúc Qiv Txais](722) tawm tsam rau ywj siab. Plaub caug plaub xyoos tom qab, Phung Hung [Phùng Hưng] (766-791) thiab nws cov kwv yau, Phiab Hai [Phùng Hải], sib sau ua ke tib neeg cov rog los xyaum kev ua yeeb yam thiab lwm yam kev tawm dag zog rau kev tawm tsam. Ob tug kwv tij thiaj muaj zog heev. Phung Hung [Phùng Hưng] (Duong Lam [Lamng Lam], Son Tay [Sơn Tây]) tuaj yeem sib tsoo nrog dej twm thiab yeej tsov. Phiab Hai [Phùng Hải] tuaj yeem nqa tau ntau txhiab kilo pob zeb thiab lub nkoj mus tau ntau mais. Ob tus kwv tij ntaus yeej cov tub rog thiab tiv thaiv thaj chaw tau xya xyoo thiab raug hwm li ntawd Npauj Npaim Dai Vuong [Bố Cái Đại Vương].

     Raws li sau tseg hauv keeb kwm, ib tus tau them nyiaj pab ua haujlwm los tsim kom muaj lub tsev kawm ntau ntau hauv kev ua yeeb yam Duong Xa [Dương Xá] (Thanh Hoa [Thanh Hoá]) yog Duong Dinh Nghe [Dương Đình Nghệ]. Nws yog ib tug thawj coj hauv zej zog uas sib sau txog 3,000 tus tub rog sib ntaus los mus kawm kev ua yeeb yaj kiab nruab hnub hmo ntuj. Ntawm lawv yog Ngo Quyen [Ngô Quyền] (Phong Chau [Phong Châu], Son Tay [Sơn Tây]) leej twg tom qab yog tus muaj suab npe rau lub Bach Ntaj [Bạch Đằng] yeej, uas xaus ib txhiab xyoo ntawm Suav domination (raws li Dai Viet su ky toan thu [ệi Việt sử ký] (Cov Lus Tshaj Tawm Tag Nrho ntawm Dai Viet [ệi Việt])).

PAJ MUAS TU THU
12 / 2019

(Xyuas 982 lub sij hawm, 6 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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