Cov Tub Rog Thiab Phom

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ICov. Raws li qee qhov ntaub ntawv, hauv tebchaws Nyablaj, hu nkauj hoa mai [súng hoa mai] (matchlock) yog lub npe nrov rau phom hu nkauj dieu thuong [súng điểu thương] (musket) tsis tshua muaj siv thiab siv los ntawm 16th mus rau 19th caug xyoo. Lub feudal dynasties (Le, Mac, Trinh, Nguyen [Lê, Mạc, Trịnh, Nguyễn]) tag nrho cov txee matchlocks rau cov tub rog. Cov ntaub ntawv keeb kwm thiab keeb kwm piav txog kev sib ntaus sib tua lub sijhawm ntawd zoo li no: “Dav hlau mos txwv li hnub qub poob”. Folk nkauj kuj kaw cov duab ntawm cov tub rog ua yog cov neeg nyiam romantic:

Daj siv ib ncig ntawm lub duav
Hnav lub kaus mom, cov phom nqa ntawm xub pwg
Lub matchlock hauv ib txhais tes
Lwm sab tes tuav rab hmuv thiab nqis nkoj mus rau ntawm lub nkoj raws li tus maum tsum
Tau hnov ​​cov nruas tsib nruas nrov
Cov kua muag hauv qhov muag thaum nkag hauv lub nkoj.

[Ngang Lưng Thì Thđt đai vàng
U đội nón dấu vai mai súng dài
Một tayt cìp hỏa mai
Một tay cắp giáo quan sai xuống thuyền.
Thùng thùng trống đánh ngũ liên.
Bước chân xuống hềi nước mắt như mưa]

Cov phom tua phom hauv qab no tau kos rau xyoo 1908 - 1909 nyob rau hauv Cov nom Has [Hà Nội]. Nws pab peb xav txog cov duab ntawm cov tub rog lub sijhawm ntawd, ua ntej lub Nguyen [Nguyễn] Tsom Ntaj.

    Raws li rau cov pob zeb tau hais los saum no, ntawm no yog qee cov ntaub ntawv los pab peb nkag siab lawv:

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II. Musket yog qhov tseeb ntawm arquebus hauv Nyab Laj tub rog tub rog thaum lub sijhawm ua lag luam ntawm Mac, Trinh, Nguyen [Mac, Trịnh, Nguyễn] (los ntawm 17th caug xyoo)). Cov sib xyaw ua ke ntawm muskets imitated cov txav ntawm pecking hens nrog thooj ntawm flint. Txoj kev ua haujlwm yog raws li nram no: “rub tus txhais; tus txhais tau kov ntawm ib daim hlau rau kiv”, Lub ntsiab lus:“ rub rauj rov qab; muab tus nuv tso rau txoj kev sib koom ua ke kom nws. Thaum peb rub tus txhais, tus rauj txav thiab chwv cov nplaim taws uas ua rau rab phom tawg. "

    raws li John Pinkerston1, Tswv Ntuj Nguyen [Nguyễn] nruab nws pab tub rog nrog hom hu nkauj dieu thuong [súng điểu thương] (muskets), kuj paub li hu nkauj hoa mai [súng hoa mai] (matchlocks).

    Lwm daim ntawv qhia tau hais tias nyob hauv lub zog Qing (Tuam Tshoj), muaj ib hom kev sib tw loj uas yuav tsum muaj ob tus neeg ua haujlwm rau lawv: Ib qho muab rab phom tso rau ntawm lub xub pwg thiab lwm qhov yog cov kabmob taw tes.

    In Vietnam [Việt Nam], rab phom no yog tam sim no tso tawm hauv tsev cia puav pheej. Raws li tau tshaj tawm, lub Tay Son [Tây Sơn] pab tub rog tau txais cov txuj ci saum toj saud los ntawm Ntaj Xuv [Ng Trong] (Hmoob Nyablaj qab teb hnub tim 17-18 lub xyoo pua) thiab txhim kho rau ntau hom sib txawv. Cov tub rog tub rog siv cov riam phom no ua tau zoo ua tsaug rau lawv cov kev coj ua niaj hnub nyob rau tom teb, uas zoo li kev ua si. Txawm li cas los xij, hauv Dang Ngoai [Nng Ngoài] (Nyab Laj Qaum Teb hauv 17-18-xyoo pua), cov txheej txheem no kuj tau siv rau kev sib tw hluav taws xob rau ob puas xyoo. Yam li dej thiab hluav taws, Tswv Ntuj Trinh [Trịnh] tau muaj npe Thuy Vuong [Thuỷ Vương] (Tswv Txos Dej) vim nws cov tub rog muaj zog; Tswv Ntuj Nguyen [Nguyễn] tau muaj npe Hoa Vuong [Hoả Vương] (Tswv Xyas Hluav Taws) vim nws cov rog tau nruab nrog rab phom tiv thaiv hluav taws muaj zog. Dhau li ntawd, Tswv Nguyen [Nguyễn] muaj lwm yam riam phom rau hauv cov tub rog xws li hoa ntev [hoả ntev] (hluav taws zaj), ho ho [hoả hổ] (hluav taws tsov) thiab phom nrog tawg tsam uas ua haujlwm li cov foob pob tawg yooj yim.

    Keeb xeeb, lub musket (muag rau) yog los ntawm Tebchaws Europe, tom qab ntawd qhia hauv Asmeskas thiab Asia. Tus Tay Son [Tây Sơn] cov tub rog tau suav hais tias yog cov tub rog uas muaj zog vim tias lawv tau hloov cov pob zeb uas tau zoo dua ntawm cov haujlwm kev ua haujlwm (tsuas yog hauv plaub qhov kev xav tau) thaum lub sijhawm Askiv thiab European lub zog xav tau nees nkaum taw. Tshwj xeeb, Qing phom (Daim duab) ntes tau hluav taws qeeb tab sis nrog cov pa taws ntau heev. Huab tais Quang Trung [Quang Trung] siv rab phom no rau hauv kev sib tua kom nws lub tsho liab dub vim tias muaj pa taws.

Cov tub rog rab phom - purelandvietnamstudies.com
Cov tub rog & Cov Phom Sij Hawm nyob hauv lub sijhawm qub (Tau qhov twg los: Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng hauv “Kỹ thuật của người An Nam” - Technique du peuple Annamite ntawm H. Oger (1908 -1909) hauv Hanoi)

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    Cov pob zeb los yog cov nplaim tawg tau muab siv rau matchlocks. Tom qab ntawd, cov khub matchlock raug hloov los ntawm cov phom siab dua, siv cov khoom tawg thiab cov taub zoo li rab phom European thaum lub sijhawm ntawd. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum Minh Mang's [Minh Mạng] kav, matchlocks tau hloov nrog phom (vim tias muaj cov tub rog tsawg) tab sis nrog tus naj npawb tsawg dua piv rau xyoo dhau los, kaum tus neeg tuav ib rab phom.

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    Raws li cov cai nyob rau hauv Nguyen [Nguyễn] Cov neeg caij nyoog, cov tub rog tau muab faib ua ob hom: Cov tub rog ntawm kev sib ntaus thiab tub rog ntawm kev tiv thaiv. Cov tub rog tiv thaiv raug xaiv los ntawm Nghe An [Nghe An] rau Binh Thuan [Binh Thuan], uas nyob ruaj ruaj hauv Hawj txawm [Huế]. Hauv kev sib tua ntawm Fab Kis thiab Nyab Laj Qaum Teb, Hawj txawm [Huế] lub tsev hais plaub xa 8,000 tus tub rog mus tiv thaiv North Vietnam [Việt Nam], nyob hauv txoj cai ntawm qib siab tshaj lij kev ua yeeb yaj kiab (mandarins mandarins). Cov tub rog ntawm kev sib ntaus los tau raug teev nyob rau sab qaum teb. Tom qab ntawv, thaum Fab Kis tiv thaiv, cov tub rog no tau hloov los ntawm linh kho xanh (cov tub rog xiav-siv) (Xam)). Qee cov tub rog tseem nyob hauv qab kev tswj hwm ntawm xeev xeev.

CEEB TOOM:
1: JOHN PINKERSTON “Keeb kwm ntawm lub ntiaj teb: Piav qhia txog cov teb chaws, nceeg vaj, xeev, thiab cov xeev uas muaj cov dej hiav txwv, hiav txwv, thiab cov isles”.
◊ Cov duab tshwj xeeb - qhov chaw: faxuca.blogspot.com, nam64.multiply.com

KOJ NTXIV:
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 1
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 2
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 3

(Xyuas 1,789 lub sij hawm, 1 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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