TEMPLE of MARTIAL ARTS - Ib qho chaw muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau GODS of Martials Arts - Part 1

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HUNG NGUYEN MANH

    raws li Dai Nam thuc luc [Nami Nam thực lục] (Annals ntawm Dai Nam) (ntim 17), tus Nguyen [Nguyễn] Cov neeg kav nroog tau txhim tsa ib qho kev muaj lub zog nyob ruaj khov thiab siv txuj ci sib ntaus los nres cov neeg ua yuam kev lub luag haujlwm. Cov thawj coj ntawm cov tub rog tau muaj kev sib ntaus sib tua tiv thaiv cov Tay Son [Tây Sơn] thiab loj hlob dhau ntawm qhov kev ntawd. Vim li no, tom qab muaj lub peacetime, tus txiv huab tais tau yuam kom lub tsev kawm ntawv kev ntaus nrig thiab txhim tsa lub tuam tsev martial arts nyob rau hauv Hawj txawm [Huế], Huab tais kav (sab qaum teb ntawm Huong [Hương] Dej)). Lub tuam tsev ntawm cov tub lawj xeeb txhim tsa xyoo 1835, Xyoo Tshis, ntawm Ib Ninh [Ib Ninh] Zos, Huong Tra [Hương Trà] Koog Tsev Kawm). Bo Le [Bộ Lễ] (Ministry of Rites) teeb tsa cov ntaub ntawv, khaws cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm cov Ly [ly] kwv tij. Ly Thuong Kiet [Lý Thường Kiệt] yeej lub Tooj [Tống] pab tub rog; Tran Quoc Tuan [Trần Quốc Tuấn] muaj ntau qhov kev yeej thiab tau sau ib phau ntawv Cov tub rog tseem ceeb; Tran Nhat Duat [Trần Nhật Duật] swb Nguyen [Nguyên] pab tub rog nrog yeej kev muaj yeej. Thaum lub Le [] poj huab tais, Dinh Liet [Đinh Liệt] yog tus thawj coj rau pacification ntawm Wu (Tuam Tshoj)). Nyob rau hauv daim ntawv teev npe ntawd, muaj lub meej mom thiab xav tau ntawm tus kheej Le Ngoi [Lê Ngôi]. Hauv qab Le Trung Hung's [Lê Trung Hưng] kav, Hoang Dinh Ai [Hoàng Đình Ái] muaj ntau txoj kev vam meej siv rab hneev thiab ntaj.

     Cov thawj coj ntawm cov tub rog uas muaj lub zog zoo kawg li tuaj yeem ua lawv txoj kev txawj nyob rau ntawm tus huab tais thiab tau txais kev nce qib yam tsis muaj kev kuaj xyuas. Piv txwv li, Mac Dang Dung [Mạc Đăng D. .Ng] yog ib tug neeg nuv ntses uas muaj lub zog zoo heev. Muaj ib zaug, nws tau mus rau lub peev. Thaum dua Giang Vo [Giảng Võ] Lub tsev kawm ntawv, nws pom tus neeg sib tw dhia thiab cov ris nqa hnyav sib tw sib tw pem lub taub hau huab tais. Pom cov yeej raug khav theeb tom qab yeej, Mac Dang Dung [Mạc Đăng D. .Ng] tau thov kom muaj kev sib tw nrog cov yeej. Txawm li cas los xij, tus huab tais hais kom nws ua tus nqa. Nws tau nqa ob qhov hnyav mus txog ntau pua kilos yam tsis muaj tawm hws thiab yog tus yeej ntawm lub nra hnyav. Mac Dang Dung [Mạc Đăng D. .Ng] tau raug qhuas los ua tus thawj coj ntawm txhua tus neeg sib tw dhia thiab nqa lub cev. Tom qab ntawd, nws tsa Ua chi huy su [Chỉ huy sứ] (commander)). Tom qab ntawv, Mac Dang Dung [Mạc Đăng D. .Ng] tau kov yeej cov yeeb ncuab thiab yeej lub zog.

    Tom qab ntawd, nws tau sawv los ntawm lub zwm txwv thiab tsim lub Mac [Mạc] Tsom Ntaj. Txawm hais tias nws yog tus huab tais twb dhau los, kev ua yeeb yam sib tw khiav hauv nws cov ntshav, yog li nws yeej ib txwm xav kom muaj kev sib tw nrog kev ntaus nrig tso cai sib ntaus hauv lub tsev hais plaub imperial. Tus neeg twg uas swb rau nws yuav raug rho tawm. Thaum nws ntsib cov tub ntxhais kawm tiav kev ua si qws tshiab, nws yuav twv kom lawv ntaus nws thiaj li raug suav tias yog cov tub ntxhais kawm tiav.

    Thaum lub sij hawm Nguyen [Nguyễn] Lords era, Dao Duy Tu [Đào Duy Từ] nto moo vim yog neeg cunning, thiab rau nws phau ntawv qhia kev ua tub rog. Muaj Ton Tias Thuan [Tôn Thất Thuần] leej twg tua yeej cov yeeb ncuab; Nguyen Huu Tien [Nguyễn Hữu Tiến] thiab Nguyen Huu Dat [Nguyễn Hữu Dật] leej swb Trinh [Trịnh] pab tub rog ntau zaus los ntawm cov tub rog caij nkoj. Txog sijhawm ntawm tus Nguyen [Nguyễn] thaum ntej, muaj Chu Van Tiep [Chu Văn Tiếp], Vo Tanh [Võ Tánh] leej twg yog neeg khav theeb thiab siab tawv. Tsis tas li, Ton Tias Hoi [Tôn Thất Hội] tau ntau txoj kev ua zoo; Nguyen Van Truong [Nguyễn Văn Trương] yeej lub Tay Son [Tây Sơn] pab tub rog; Nguyen Hoang Duc [Nguyễn Hoàng Đức] tau muab tis npe hu ua Tsov Tsov. Ntawm kaum rau cov thawj coj ua tub rog, muaj kaum peb teev nyob rau ntawm Mieu lich dai de vuong [Miếu lịch đại đế vương] thiab nees nkaum tsib tau pe hawm nyob rau ntawm Thaib mieu [Thái miếu] thiab Cov mieu [Thế miếu] ntawm tus Nguyen [Nguyễn] Tsom Ntaj.

    Nyob rau xyoo 20 ntawm Minh Mang's [Minh Mạng] kav (xyoo 1839), lub tsev txiav txim plaub ntug tau tsim tsa peb tus neeg ua yeeb yam kom txhim tsa rau ntawm tshav puam ntawm Lub Tuam Tsev Teev Ntuj rau kaum tus neeg saib txuj ci sib ntaus. Nyob rau steles tau carved lawv cov npe, hometowns, cov npe, thiab kev pab txhawb nqa thaum lub sijhawm reigns ntawm Gia Ntev [Gia Ntev] thiab Minh Mang [Minh Mạng]. Lawv: Truong Minh Giang [Trương Minh Giảng] (Gia Dinh [Gia Định]), Pham Huu Tam [Phạm Hữu Tâm] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Ta Quang Cu [Tạ Quang Cự] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Nguyen Xuan [Nguyễn Xuân] (Thanh Hoa [Thanh Hoá]), Pham Van Dien [Phạm Văn Điển] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Phan Van Thuy [Phan Văn Thủỵ] (Guang Nam [Quảng Nam]), Maiv Tooj Ngon [Maiv Công Ngôn] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Le Van Duc [Lê Văn Đức] (Vinh Long [Vĩnh Long]), Tran Van Tri [Trần Văn Trí] (Gia Dinh [Gia Định]), Thiab Tuj Tias Bat [Tôn Thất Bạt] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế)). Xyoo 1854, raug them "kev xav ua ntej" hauv kev tawm tsam ntawm Hong Bao [Hồng Bảo] (tij laug ntawm Tu Duc [Tự Đức]), lub npe ntawm Tuj Tias Bat [Tôn Thất Bật] raug tshem tawm ntawm tus pojniam ntawd.

    Nyob rau hauv Tu Duc's [Tự .c] kav, muaj ob lub ntxiv uas luag tsa rau tien si vo [tiến sĩ võ] (kws kho mob ntawm kev ntaus nrig), carving masters uas dhau mus hauv peb chav kev ntaus nrig: nyob hauv Lub Xyoo ntawm Buffalo (1865), Xyoo ntawm Zaj (1868), thiab Xyoo ntawm nab (1869)). Lawv: Vo Van Duc [Võ Văn Đức] (Guang Nam [Quảng Nam]), Vo Van Luong [Võ Văn Lương] (Quang Tri [Quảng Trị]), Ntxhw Van [Văn Vân] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Pham Hoc [Phạm Học] (Guang Nam [Quảng Nam]), Nguyen Van Tu [Nguyễn Văn Tứ] (Binh Dinh [Bình Định]), Duong Viet Thieu [Dương Việt Thiệu] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Ua Van Kiet [Ă Văn Kiệt] (Quang Tri [Quảng Trị]), Dang Duc Tuan [Ng Đức Tuấn] (Binh Dinh [Bình Định]), Tran Van Hien [Trần Văn Hiển] (Thua Thien Hue [Thừa Thêê Huế), Thiab Le Van Truc  [Lê Văn Trực] (Quang Binh [Quảng Bình])1

    Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sijhawm tso cai, Minh Mang [Minh Mạng] ntxiv qee qhov kev ntsuas: Ua ntej, tus neeg yuav tsum tau muaj pov thawj zoo, thiab tuaj yeem tsim tus qauv rau cov tiam tom qab. Raws li cov txheej txheem, qee cov neeg raug tshem tawm hauv daim npe, suav nrog Ly Thuong Kiet [Lý Thường Kiệt], leej twg yog tus txiv neej (?)

    Tran Nhat Duat [Trần Nhật Duật], Dinh Liet [Đinh Liệt], Hoang Dinh Ai [Hoành Đình .i] tsuas yog pom cov thawj coj tub rog ntawm kev sib tua hauv tshav rog. Dhau li, tseem muaj qee cov khoom siv mandarins hauv Nguyen [Nguyễn] Lub caij nyoog tsuas yog suav tias yog cov pab tswv yim sab nraud. Ton Tias Thuan [Tôn Thất Thuần] tau tsuas yog vo voet, tsis cao liet. Nguyen Hoang Duc's [Nguyễn Hoàng Đức] tej txuj ci los kuj tsis zoo kawg.

     Thaum kawg, Minh Mang [Minh Mạng] pom zoo rau (XNUMX) pawg neeg yuav tsum tau pe hawm hauv Nha giai vu ta huu [giải vũ tả hữu] (sab laug tsev thiab sab xis tsev). Tran Quoc Tuan [Trần Quốc Tuấn] thiab Le Khoi [Lê Khôi] tau nto moo generals los ntawm yav dhau los dynasty. Daim ntawv pom zoo kuj muaj Nguyen Huu Dat [Nguyễn Hữu Đạt] thiab Nguyen Huu Truong [Nguyễn Hữu Trương] leej twg yog tus muaj tswv yim zoo thaum lub Nguyen [Nguyễn] Tsom Ntaj.

     Txhawm rau Saib Xyuas Lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Cov Txuj Ci, muaj nees nkaum tus neeg nyob hauv cov tsev neeg nyob ze saib xyuas kev pe hawm txhua xyoo ob zaug nyob rau lub caij nplooj ntoo hlav. Qhov ob teev tiam ua tam sim ntawd tom qab tau teev tiam Lich dai de vuong [Lich đại đế vương]. Cov khoom siv rau kev pe hawm muaj xws li ib tug twm, ib tug tshis, ob tus npua, thiab tsib lub quav nplej.

… NTXIV…

PAJ MUAS TU THU
12 / 2019

CEEB TOOM:
Duab - qhov chaw: vn.360plus.yahoo.com

KOJ NTXIV:
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 1
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 2
◊  KEV HLOOV QHOV TSEEB THIAB MARTIAL ARTS of VIETNAM - Tshooj 3

(Xyuas 1,280 lub sij hawm, 6 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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