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      ÂU CƠ (嫗 姬) yog, raws li cov lus dab neeg creation ntawm lub Hmoob nyab laj, ib tug tsis txawj tuag lub roob uas sib yuav Lạc Long Quân ("Zaj Tswv Ntuj Lac“), Thiab kwv ib lub hnab qe uas daug ib puas tus menyuam yaus paub yam lawv tus kheej ua Bách Việt, pog koob yawg koob rau lub Hmoob nyab lajCov. ÂU CƠ feem ntau yog leej niam muaj txiaj ntsig Nyab Laj kev vam meej.1,2

mythology

       ÂU CƠ yog ib tug hluas nkauj, zoo nkauj dab neeg uas nyob hauv toj siab. Nws tau mus ncig pab cov neeg uas raug kev mob kev nkeeg vim nws txawj ntau yam tshuaj thiab muaj lub siab hlub. Muaj ib hnub, ib tug dab tau tshwm sim ua ntej lub sijhawm nws nyob ntawm nws txoj kev taug, nws mam li ua rau nws ntshai, yog li nws sim khiav los ntawm hloov mus rau hauv lub crane kom ya tawm. LẠC LONG QUÂN, tus huab tais zaj tawm los ntawm hiav txwv, hla dhau los thiab pom tus poj niam zoo nkauj nyob hauv kev txaus ntshai, yog li nws thiaj rub lub pob zeb los ntawm nyob ze thiab tua tus dab. Thaum ÂU CƠ nres ya mus ntsib tus neeg uas tau cawm nws, nws tig rov qab mus ua poj ntxoog thiab tam sim ntawd poob rau nws tus hlub. Tsis ntev tom qab ntawd nws ris ib lub hnab qe, uas nws yug tau ib puas tus menyuam. Txawm li cas los xij, txawm hais tias lawv ib leeg hlub ib leeg, ƠU CƠ yeej ib txwm xav tau nyob rau pem roob dua thiab LẠC LONG QUÂN, ib yam nkaus, xav tau rau lub hiav txwv. Lawv sib cais, txhua tus noj 50 cov menyuam. ÂU CƠ nyob pem roob Nyab Laj qaum teb qhov chaw nws tsa tsib caug tus hluas, ntse, thawj coj muaj zog, tom qab ntawd hu ua tus Hùng Vương, Hùng vaj.3,4

Hauv ntawv Nyab Laj

Cov phau ntawv Ệi Việt sử ký toàn thư (los ntawm 15th caug xyoo) thiab Lĩnh Nam chích quái (Cov kev xav tau plucked los ntawm cov hmoov av ntawm Linh-nam, los ntawm lub xyoo pua mus) hais dab neeg.5 In Ệi Việt sử ký toàn thư, ÂU CƠ yog tus ntxhais ntawm Lai (kuj hu ua Đế Ai 哀 哀, los yog Emperor Ai, uas yog xeeb leej xeeb ntxwv ntawm Shennong),6 hos hauv Lĩnh Nam chích quái nws yog tus poj niam ntawm LaiCov. NGÔ SĨ LIÊN tawm tswv yim txog sử ký rau ntawm qhov xwm txheej me ntsis ntawm kev sib raug zoo ntawm ob tus thawj xeeb tub rog, muab uas Lạc txiv txiv Kinh Dương Vương thiab Grandfatheru yawg Đế Nghi twb yog kwv tij.7, a cov zaj dab neeg ntawm Âu Cơ thiab Lạc Ntev Quân yog qhia dav dav hauv Nyab Laj cov tsev kawm ntawv.8,9

       In nws phau ntawv hais txog cov Vietnam War, hu ua yooj yim “Vietnam“, Tus American sau MARY NTAWD hais txog kev siv lub Nyablaj tsim tswvyim dab neeg by Cov neeg sawv cev Asmeskas nrhiav kom tau cov nyom kev txhawb nqa rau Nyab Laj Qab Teb.

References

  1. DÔNG PHONG PAPY, conte-nous ta terre lointaineCov. Nplooj 15, 2009: “En effet, le peuple vietnamien nqis du mariage du Roi Dragon et de la fée Âu Cơ. Le Roi Zaj avait tus tub royaume dans les profondeurs de la mer thiab la fée Âu Cơ était keeb kwm des montagnes qui bordent encore le delta du Fleuve … ”.
  2. PHILIP TAYLOR. Niaj Hnub Thiab Rov Ua Kom Yooj Yim: Kev ntseeg nyob hauv Tebchaws Nyab Laj Teb Tom Qab Yug Rov Qab 2007. Nplooj 68: “Raws li kev hais dab neeg, txhua tus neeg Nyablaj tuaj yeem taug lawv cov poj koob yawm txwv rov qab mus rau kev ua tshoob ntawm tus txiv ua yeeb yam Lạc Long Quân thiab tus poj huab tais Âu Cơ. Lub koom haum muaj txuj ci no tsim tau ib lub qe qe uas daug ib puas tus tib neeg … ”.
  3. LEEMING, DAVID ADAMS, Kev tsim cov ntsiab lus ntawm ntiaj teb: ib phau ntawv qhia txog ntau ntau yam, Vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2010. p. 270.
  4. NGHIA M. VO. Saigon: Ib qho Keeb Kwm 2011- Phab 285: “Raws li cov lus dab neeg, Vaj Ntxwv Lạc Long Quân tau ua poj huab tais Âu Cơ uas muab nws 100 menyuam. Ob leeg suav hais tias yog cov poj koob yawm txwv ntawm lub tebchaws Nyablaj, lawv tom qab tau sib faib; noj 50 cov me nyuam, nws nyob raws ntug hiav txwv cheeb tsam thiab nrhiav tau tus … ”.
  5. KEITH WELLER TAYLOR: Lub Cim YugCov. Kev kho dua tshiab ntawm thesis (Ph.D.). Daim Ntawv Ntxiv A, p. 303. Lub Xeev California Cov Xovxwm (1991); ISBN 0-520-07417-3.
  6. HUANGFU MI. Cov Ntawv Teev Tseg ntawm Feem Ntau Cov Vaj thiab Emperors 世紀 世紀. Tshooj “Shennong-shi“. Tus thawj tswj hwm los ntawm Shennong-shi yog: (1) Shennong-shi 神農氏; (2) Cov (XNUMX) Huab tais Lin Kui 帝 Tsum; (3) Emperor Cheng 帝 承; (4) Emperor Ming 帝 明; (5) Huab tais Zhi 帝 直; (6) Emperor Li 帝 釐; (7) Cov kev Emperor Ai 帝 哀; thiab (8) Emperor Yu Wang 榆 榆 罔.1
  7. MARIE-CARINE TOOJ, EDWARD VICKERS. Kev Kawm Txuj Ci Raws Li Qhov Cuam Tshuam Hauv Neeg AsiaCov. 2009. Nplooj ntawv 143: “… tus menyuam mos ntawm 'Nyab Laj-ness'. Lub keeb kwm ntawm lub teb chaws tiag tiag pib nyob ib puag ncig 800 bc nrog Văn Lang kev ua vaj ntxwv. Cov menyuam yaus kawm paub txog cov lus hais ntawm kev yug los hauv lub tebchaws, uas muaj yeeb yam tseem ceeb xws li Kinh Dương Vương, ơu Cơ - Lạc Long Quân … ”.

8. Leejtub J. Kev Kawm London hauv Nyab Laj. 2011. Nplooj 68: “Ơu Cơ keeb kwm vajtswv ntuj".

Qhov chaw

+ FRIEDMAN, AMY. “Ib Pua Vaj - Legend of Ancient Vietnam“, South Florida Sun Sentinel, 12 Lub Xya Hli 2005, pg. 8. XNUMX.

+ TAYLOR, SANDRA C. Cov Poj Niam Nyab Laj Ntawm Kev Ua Rog (Kansas: Tsev Kawm Ntawv Tshaj Tawm Ntawm Kansas, 1999).

+ TURNER, KAREN GOTTSCHANG. Txawm Cov Poj Niam Yuav Tsum Sib Ntaus (New York: John Wiley & Cov Tub, Inc., 1998).

+ WILLING, INDIGO A. “Tsoomfwv Tsoomfwv Tsoomfwv Nyablaj: Los Ntawm Cov Neeg Dab Neeg Mus Rau Tus Neeg Diaspora”, Michigan Peb Lub Hlis Rov Xyuas Dua 43, tsis tau. 4 (2004).

LUS CIM :
Source: wikipedia.com.
◊ Cov ntawv qhia lub ntsiab, cov ntawv sau me, cov ntawv loj, cov ntawv sau kom ntxaws, cov duab hauv sepia tau tsim los ntawm Ban Tu Thư - thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

NTUJ TU TU THƯ
6 / 2021

(Xyuas 226 lub sij hawm, 5 mus ntsib niaj hnub no)
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